Marine breakaway coupling is widely used by tankers in the process of diverting oil at sea. In this process, various occupational accidents can occur, especially when the hose connection fails or the tanker position goes off track due to a belay failure. A variety of security and safety systems are well prepared during the transfer process. Already many work accidents happen so they must continue to improve the security and safety system. The role of marine breakaway coupling here is to stop the flow of oil when a possible accident (eg, the hose must be withdrawn because the ship is off track) will occur.
Using marine breakaway coupling does not guarantee security in the transfer process. Although this hardware can reduce work accidents or oil leaks, there remains a number of spills and oil pollution at sea in the event of a hose accident. But the comparison will not be big. Oil droplets in the sea can be reduced so that cleaning at sea can be minimized. Beings living in the sea will be safer than not using marine breakaway coupling at all. In other words, the device is capable of saving many sectors.
What happens when there is an oil spill in the sea?
The stagnant oil layer will affect the growth of seaweed and other plants if it sticks to the surface of the leaves. When the oil is attached to the leaves, it will interfere with the metabolic processes in the plant such as respiration. The process of photosynthesis can also be disrupted because the oil layer at sea level will prevent the entry of sunlight into the euphotic zone, so the food chain that begins in phytoplankton will be cut off. If the oil layer is submerged and covered the substrate, in addition to turning off benthos organisms will also occur root decay in existing marine plants.
The impact of the oil spill will indeed affect each other. Microorganisms easily die, then larger fish will lose food and die. So larger fish will also lose the food chain, causing migration to other areas or even cannot survive.